Community Cookbooks and Fundraiser Quilts—Parallel Histories
Last year, I had the opportunity to attend a symposium on the topic of women and food, and one of the panel sessions focused on the history and legacy of community cookbooks in the United States.
It was a fascinating discussion, and the more I listened, the more I realized that the panelists could have just as easily been talking about fundraiser quilts as community cookbooks, because there were so many similarities between the two.
According to Linda Berzok, writing for The Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, “Community cookbooks (also known as compiled, regional, charitable, and fund-raising cookbooks) are a unique genre of culinary literature [that] focus on home cooking, often documenting regional, ethnic, family, and societal traditions, as well as local history.”
Fundraiser quilts are a special genre of quilts that document the same sorts of things. Because both community cookbooks and fundraiser quilts are typically made by defined groups of (usually) women in a particular place, they naturally tend to reflect the characteristics of those groups.
Such things as church, club, or school affiliation, political beliefs, social class, and ethnic background of the contributors, as well as popular tastes and current events might all be revealed in the end product.
Both community cookbooks and fundraiser quilts got their start in the 19th century in the U.S., although fundraiser quilts predate community cookbooks by at least 50 years.
Quilt historian Ricky Clark, in The Needlework of an American Lady/Social History of Quilts, maintains that The Boston Female Society for Missionary Purposes was making quilts to raise money to support frontier ministers as early as 1800.
The first community cookbooks started showing up in the mid-1800s during the Civil War. Women’s groups in both the North and South used them—along with fundraiser quilts—to raise money for everything from field hospitals to gunboats. After the war, women's clubs organized cookbook projects and created fundraising quilts to benefit widows, veterans, and orphans.
Early on, in addition to funding local charitable activities and religious efforts, these types of cookbooks and quilts helped underwrite a variety of political and social causes, including prison reform and women’s suffrage.
In the 1870s, both community cookbooks and fundraiser quilts were employed in the effort against alcoholism championed by Women’s Christian Temperance Unions.
“By 1915, as many as 6,000 community cookbooks had been published in the United States, and women were raising money to fund kindergartens and promote temperance and other political causes. In an era when females had few roles in public life, these cookbooks acknowledged their presence in the community.” (Michelle Green, Food and Wine, 12/02). The same could be said for early fundraiser quilts.
Whether quilting or compiling favorite recipes, women join together to monetize their skills for worthy causes and common goals. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, societal restraints were such that women had few other ways of contributing funds to their communities.
Although times have changed and those restraints are no longer compelling, it is notable that using both community cookbooks and fundraising quilts to raise money for charitable efforts and shared goals is a tradition that continues today.
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Column 117: How WWI Changed the Color of Quilts in the United States
Column 116: Wagga—The Bushman’s Quilt
Column 115: All in the Family
Column 114: The Alabama State Quilt
Column 113: Balloon Quilts of Albuquerque
Column 112: The Family That Quilts Together, Stays Together
Column 111: Two Rivers, Three Sisters
Column 110: Quilters Helping Quilters
Column 109: Community Cookbooks and Fundraiser Quilts—Parallel Histories
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Column 107: National Quilting Day
Column 106: The Airing of the Quilts
Column 105: A Call for a National Juneteenth Commemorative Quilt
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Column 102: Helen Blackstone, A Texas Quilter
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Column 100: 100th Suzy's Fancy Column!
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Column 97: Meet the Sisters Who Are State Fair Quilting Queens
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Column 95: Her Mother Pieced Quilts
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Column 80: Southeastern Quilt and Textile Museum
Column 79: 54 Tons of Quilt
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Column 62: Quilt Fiction Author: Clare O’Donohue
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Column 60: The Camo Quilt Project.
Column 59: Thread Wit
Column 58: Ralli Quilts
Column 57: Preschool Quilters
Column 56: The Story Quilt
Column 55: Red and Green Quilts
Column 54: On the Trail
Column 53: Quilt Trail Gathering
Column 52: True Confessions: First Quilt
Column 51: Quilted Pages
Column 50: Doll Quilts
Column 49: More Than a Quilt Shop
Column 48: Las Colchas of the Texas-Mexico Border
Column 47: Literary Gifts
Column 46: A Different Way of Seeing
Column 45: Sampling
Column 44: Hen and Chicks
Column 43: A Star Studied Event
Column 42: Shoo Fly Pattern
Column 41: Awareness Quilts
Column 40: Tivaevae
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Column 37: Quilted Vermont
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